Include Year-end Mark-to-Market gains in annual P&L calculations for corporations

This page explains the "Include year-end mark-to-market gains in annual P&L calculations" feature.

 

1. What is "Year-end Mark-to-Market P&L"

Since the tax reform in April 2019, it is required for corporations to calculate unrealized gains and losses on holdings at the end of the fiscal year.

By selecting "Year-end Mark-to-Market P&L" in the corporate settings, the unrealized gains and losses on coins held at the end of the year will be added to the annual profit and loss. Generally, the "Reversal Method" is used for the end-of-year evaluation, but each method is explained below.

  • Reversal Method: After recording the unrealized gains and losses at the end of the year, the average acquisition cost at the beginning of the next period is reverted to the average acquisition cost at the end of the previous year.
  • Cut-Off Method: The end-of-year market value is adopted as the average acquisition cost at the beginning of the next fiscal year.

 

2.  How to Set Up

STEP 1:

Click on "Ledger" under "Settings".

 

STEP 2:

In the Corporate settings, select either "Reversal Method" or "Cut-Off Method" from "Year-end Mark-to-Market P&L", then click "Update".

 

3. How to Check Year-end Mark-to-Market P&L

After calculation is complete, click on the "Summary" tab and then on the "Yearly" tab to check the Year-end Mark-to-Market P&L.

In the Case of Reversal Method

The COST/COIN at the beginning of the next fiscal year is reverted to the COST/COIN at the end of this year. The reversal of the year-end LATENT GAINS & LOSSES is automatically added to the TOTAL P&L.

 

In the Case of Cut-Off Method

The end-of-year PRICE is adopted as the average acquisition cost (COST/COIN) at the beginning of the next period.

Additional Notes:

TOTAL REVENUE:

It represents the total transaction amount in the profit calculation at the time of each transaction, which is the sum of the "price x quantity" of coins at the time of transaction closure in Japanese yen. For sale transactions, it is the sale amount, and for transactions where currency is granted through staking, bonuses, lending, etc., it is the market equivalent amount at the time of grant.


TOTAL COST:

It is recorded as the purchase amount by deducting the realized profit and loss calculated in the profit and loss calculation from the total sales. (If there are no "sale" transactions in the relevant year, the total purchases will be 0 yen.)

*Total sales and total purchases are displayed as they are recognized as necessary information for financial statements for corporations and tax accountants.

 

4. Dealing with Coins without Price Data at End of Year

This feature cannot be applied to coins for which price data is not available at the end of the year. Please refer to the "Ledger Price" section of the Supported Coins to check whether price data is available. For coins without price data, please handle them separately using a custom file. Refer to the format of custom transactions here.

 

In the Case of Reversal Method

  1. Investigate the end-of-year price of the relevant coins, calculate the end-of-year LATENT GAINS & LOSSES yourself, and enter them with custom transaction using the CASH action.
  2. Enter the reversal of the end-of-year LATENT GAINS & LOSSES at the beginning of the next period using the CASH action.

*Refer to the example of " Expenses paid in a fiat currency" and "Income in the fiat currency"
in the custom file description for how to record CASH.

 

In the Case of Cut-Off Method

  1. Upload a sales record with the end-of-year quantity and price at the end of the relevant year.
  2. Upload a purchase record with the end-of-year quantity and price at the beginning of the next period.

 

*The end-of-year latent gains and losses for the coins described above will be recognized as realized P&L.

*In the case of the Cut-Off Method, it is a condition that the Average Cost Method is applied. Please note that the coin balance at the end of the year will be zero.

 

5. Notes

  • This feature applies to fiscal years ending on or after April 1, 2019, following the tax reform.
  • Please consult your tax accountant regarding the handling of positions held across the fiscal year in futures transactions. Our service does not perform end-of-year evaluations for non-spot transactions even if "Year-end Mark-to-Market P&L" function is applied in ledger settings.
  • As of March 2021, there is no posting function available. Please consult your tax accountant for journal entries in accounting systems and corporate settlements.